Turkish bath examples 2
Turkish bath Examples 2
- Multi-dome temperature type
In this type of planning, the temperature is divided into equal sections with the help of arches and each of these sections is covered with a similar dome. The arches in the middle are carried by two columns. In this planning, there is no navel stone under the big dome. For example, the Haseki Bath next to the New Mosque Ottoman period Turkish bath shown as examples.
- Mid-domed, transverse temperature and double-secluded type
It is in the form of two side-by-side private rooms with a central dome, transverse temperature and double-secluded plan type with a small dome opening to the warmth. Balat and İbrahim Pasha Baths can be shown as examples of Turkish baths for this plan type.
- The type with coldness, warmth, private rooms in the form of identical rooms
This type of plan consists of a hot section with a dome in the middle, separated by two arches, the side sections covered with flat vaults, and a double private cell that opens to this section with a door. For example, Ankara Karacabey Bath, Yenişehir Double Bath women's section, Niğde Çavuş Hamam, Istanbul Tahtakale Turkish Bath women's section can be shown.
Today traditional Turkish Arts The art of tile decoration, especially in this area, is the Turkish bath. tile pattern on the back of the basin Architectural decorations are also used on the panels, with examples such as modern tile glazed ceramic shaped decor. Turkish bath architecture Tile tile motifs and patterns, which are also used in marble wall coverings, are the most beautiful tiles from Kütahya and Iznik tiles. www.armadacini.com
TURKISH BATH ARCHITECTURE FROM PAST TO FUTURE
Turkish tile art Turkish Bath Architecture: Today, one of the most important and under-emphasized subjects of our traditional Turkish arts and civil architecture of life. Turkish bath. The baths, which have a great importance in terms of art and architecture in the life of human beings and are visually attractive, are also important in terms of cultural history. In the bath culture architectural structure It is similar to mosque architecture with its dome and some other architectural features.
Turkish baths used in spaces in terms of interior layout and architectural design. tile, ceramic, mosaic, porcelain With various visual design elements such as visual design, there are also very spectacular ones. Turkish bath in history Ottoman period When we look at Turkey before, during the Ottoman period and after the Ottoman period, many bath structures can be seen. The Ottomans, who made good use of the health culture tradition of the Muslim states in the past, started to establish charitable facilities for the use of the people in their own time. The important parts of the internal structure of the baths, which have a special architectural settlement style, are usually called camegâh (dressing place), coldness (drying place and changing loincloth) and warmth (washing place). The tile panels made behind the Kurna in Turkish baths provide an appeal to the eye with their ornamental patterns and motifs.
Examples of Turkish Baths in History
The use of bathing, personal care, and the prevention and treatment of diseases in the history of humanity dates back to ancient times. Roman period BC. IV. There are Roman baths in the position of human body care and treatment institution in the Romans in the century. In this period, Roman baths built on large areas in terms of settlement became places where people used sports and cultural activities as well as cleaning. Turkish Baths in terms of architectural character roman bathIt is inspired by the architecture of this, Visually, it has taken its original architectural form from Islamic building architecture.
Baths are similar to mosque architecture in terms of architectural structure. For example, the dome of the Hamam above the general area resembles the dome of a mosque. According to Islamic belief; A body in which a body enters, another body cannot enter, because that water is polluted. Because of this belief in Islam, the habit of bathing in running water and making ablution has arisen. marble basins was considered a necessary necessity. Behind the Kurna classical Kütahya and Iznik tile patterns Tile hand-decorated panels made with motifs and motifs keep the visuality in the foreground. However, basins are not found in Roman baths. Turkish tile art Turkish Bath Architecture www.armadacini.com
Turkish bath examples in general
It is possible to divide Turkish baths into two, according to the water used, as baths working with natural hot water and artificial heating system. It was built on a natural hot spring. Buildings that are generally used for health purposes are called hot springs. In short, although the Turkish bath is similar to the Roman bath in terms of architecture, it shows architectural differences in terms of function and purpose.
- Cross-shaped four-iwan and corner cell type
Its diagram is in the form of a temperature consisting of four iwans placed perpendicular to each other, in symmetrical shapes according to their axis, and four private rooms located at their corners in a domed middle space. The plan is the classical form of planning with four iwans used in Turkish architecture, especially in madrasahs, mosques, dervish lodges and house architecture. Depending on the size or location of the bath, this type of bath has three or two private rooms and one, two or three iwan variants. Although they are few, there are also ones with single halvet cells. It is also known as a cruciform plan because it resembles a cross in plan. Turkish Bath tile art samples were applied in the Hünkar and Valide baths located in the Harem circle of the Topkapı Palace, which is famous for its Ottoman period Rumi patterned tiles of this plan type. Suleymaniye Kulliye hamam, which was built by Mimar Sinan in 1557, and Azapkapi Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Kulliye Hamam and Edirnekapi Hamam, other Turkish baths, are examples of Ottoman architecture and tile art.
- stellar temperature type
The vaulted niches, which are of the star-like temperature type, which are the general bathing places, which are thought to have been created by being influenced by the ancient period hot springs and baths in Anatolia, are arranged around the corestone in the form of six, seven or eight polygons. The type of baths that have these features are the Nurbanu Valide Sultan Baths and Hagia Sophia Haseki Baths in Çemberlitaş, which were built by Mimar Sinan in 1584, again in the Ottoman period.
- Type with private cells arranged around a square temperature
This type of plan consists of a large, wide iwan at the end edges of the square planned middle space, and a deep-seated warm section. As an example to this plan, the women's section of the Fındıklı Molla Çelebi Bath and Tahtakale Bath dated 1561 are shown.